Influence of scoring methods and numerical superiority on physical demands in elite young soccer players

Superiority effects in small-sided games

Authors

  • Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
  • Javier Raya-González
  • Daniel Castillo
  • Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo
  • Mario Sánchez
  • Alejandro Rodríguez-Fernández
  • Fabio Y Nakamura

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/eurjhm.2021.46.616

Keywords:

quantification, training drills, floaters, goalkeepers, mini-goals

Abstract

Small-sided games (SSGs) are a useful strategy to optimize the training process in soccer. The modification of some variables simultaneously implies several physical adaptations in soccer players. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the differences in the physical demands encountered by soccer players in different SSGs formats focusing on the scoring methods (i.e., mini-goals and regular goals with goalkeepers) and to the numerical superiority situations (i.e., no superiority, variable superiority, and fixed superiority). Eight elite young soccer players from the same team (age: 17.9 ± 1.1 years) randomly completed six SSG formats. Physical parameters (i.e., total distance [TD], distance covered at different speeds [D1, D2, D3, D4, D5 and D6], and distance covered accelerating [ACC] and decelerating [DEC]) were collected. The main results showed that the variable superiority (i.e., 4vs4+1) situation is more demanding, in terms of TD and distance covered at D3 and D4, in comparison to no superiority (i.e., 4vs4) and fixed superiority (i.e., 5vs4) situations both SSGs played with mini-goals and regular goals with goalkeepers. Besides, higher physical demands were registered in fixed superiority (i.e., 5vs4) than in no superiority (i.e., 4vs4) situation. Finally, only in a no superiority (i.e., 4vs4) situation higher distances at D1 and D5 were registered during the SSG played with mini-goals but higher distance at D3 was covered in the SSG format with regular goals and goalkeepers. Playing SSGs in variable superiority situation is more demanding in comparison to no superiority (i.e., 4vs4) and fixed superiority situations both during those SSGs played with mini-goals and/or regular goals and goalkeepers. In addition, SSGs played with mini-goals induced higher physical demands than playing with regular goals and goalkeepers during no superiority games. These findings could be useful for coaches in order to periodize the training drills within the microcycle to modulate the training session intensity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Arslan, E., Alemdaroglu, U., Koklu, Y., Hazir, T., Muniroglu, S., & Karakoc, B. (2017). Effects of passive and active rest on physiological responses and time motion characteristics in different small sided soccer games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 60(1), 123–132. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0095

Bujalance-Moreno, P., Latorre-Román, P. Á., & García-Pinillos, F. (2018). A systematic review on small-sided games in football players: Acute and chronic adaptations. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1535821

Casamichana, D, San Román, J., Calleja-Gonzalez, J., & Castellano, J. (2015). Los juegos reducidos en el entrenamiento en fútbol (1a Edición). Madrid: FDL.

Casamichana, David, & Castellano, J. (2010). Time-motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: Effects of pitch size. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(14), 1615–1623. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521168

Castagna, C., D’Ottavio, S., & Abt, G. (2003). Activity profile of young soccer players during actual match play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(4), 775–780. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14636107

Castellano, J., Casamichana, D., & Dellal, A. (2013). Influence of game format and number of players on heart rate responses and physical demands in small-sided soccer games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(5), 1295–1303. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318267a5d1

Castellano, J., Silva, P., Usabiaga, O., & Barreira, D. (2016). The influence of scoring targets and outer-floaters on attacking and defending team dispersion, shape and creation of space during small-sided soccer games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 51, 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0178

Delgado-Bordonau, J., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2012). Tactical periodization: Mourinho’s best-kept secret. Soccer NSCAA, 3, 28–34.

Fanchini, M., Azzalin, A., Castagna, C., Schena, F., McCall, A., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2011). Effect of bout duration on exercise intensity and technical performance of small-sided games in soccer. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(2), 453–458. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c1f8a2

Frencken, W., Lemmink, K., Delleman, N., & Visscher, C. (2011). Oscillations of centroid position and surface area of soccer teams in small-sided games. European Journal of Sport Science, 11(4), 215–223. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.499967

Hammami, A., Gabbett, T. J., Slimani, M., & Bouhlel, E. (2018). Does small-sided games training improve physical fitness and team-sport-specific skills? A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 58(10), 1446–1455. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07420-5

Hill-Haas, S. V, Coutts, A. J., Dawson, B. T., & Rowsell, G. J. (2010). Time-motion characteristics and physiological responses of small-sided games in elite youth players: the influence of player number and rule changes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(8), 2149–2156. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181af5265

Hopkins, W. G. (2006). Spreadsheets for analysis of controlled trials, with adjustment for a subject characteristic. Sportscience, 10, 46–50. Retrieved from http://www.sportsci.org/2006/wghcontrial.htm

Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278

Impellizzeri, F. M., Marcora, S. M., Castagna, C., Reilly, T., Sassi, A., Iaia, F. M., & Rampinini, E. (2006). Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(6), 483–492. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-865839

Köklü, Y. (2012). A comparison of physiological responses to various intermittent and continuous small-sided games in young soccer players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31(1), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-012-0009-5

Lacome, M., Simpson, B. M., Cholley, Y., & Buchheit, M. (2017). Locomotor and heart rate responses of floaters during small-sided games in elite soccer players: effect of pitch size and inclusion of goal keepers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0340

Moreira, G., Custódio, I. J. O., & Greco, P. J. (2015). Numerical superiority changes the physical demands of soccer players during small- sided games. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, 17(3), 269–279. https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2015v17n3p269

Morgans, R., Orme, P., Anderson, L., & Drust, B. (2014). Principles and practices of training for soccer. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 3(4), 251–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSHS.2014.07.002

Owen, A. L., Wong, D. P., McKenna, M., & Dellal, A. (2011). Heart rate responses and technical comparison between small- vs. large-sided games in elite professional soccer. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(8), 2104–2110. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181f0a8a3

Rampinini, E., Impellizzeri, F. M., Castagna, C., Abt, G., Chamari, K., Sassi, A., & Marcora, S. M. (2007). Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(6), 659–666. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410600811858

San Roman-Quintana, J., Casamichana, D., Castellano, J., Calleja-Gonzalez, J., Jukic, I., & Ostojic, S. M. (2013). The influence of ball-touches number on physical and physiological demands of large-sided games. Kinesiology, 45(2), 171–178.

Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Hernández, D., Casamichana, D., Martínez-Salazar, C., Ramirez-Campillo, R., & Sampaio, J. (2017). Heart rate, technical performance, and session-rpe in elite youth soccer small-sided games played with wildcard players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2678–2685. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001736

Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Carretero, M., Martín, V., Hernández, D., & Nakamura, F. Y. (2018). Soccer small-sided games activities vary according to the interval regime and their order of presentation within the session. Journal of Human Kinetics, 62, 167–175. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0168

Sanchez-Sanchez, J., Sanchez, M., Hernandez, D., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Martínez, C., & Nakamura, F. Y. (2017). Fatigue In u12 soccer-7 players during repeated one-day tournament games - a pilot study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 1. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002141

Downloads

Published

2021-11-11

Issue

Section

Original Research

Most read articles by the same author(s)