The use of automatic compression device on the cardiopulmonary resuscitation by lifeguards


  • Cristian Abelairas-Gomez University of Vigo
  • Roberto Barcala-Furelos University of Vigo
  • José Luis Garcia-Soidan University of Vigo
  • Sergio Lopez-Garcia University of Salamanca
  • Vicente Romo-Perez University of Vigo


The purpose of the study was to analyse how the auxiliary rescue material and the automatic compression mechanism influence cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

The sample of our research is composed of a group of 78 lifeguards (50 men and 28 women). An initial test was performed which consisted in the execution of 5 min of CPR. The sample was divided in two groups. Each group performed a second test; water rescue and subsequent 5 min of CPR. One group performed the rescue without material and manual CPR. The other one, the water rescue with flippers and rescue tube and the CPR with an automatic compression mechanism.

The use of the automatic compression mechanism improves the conditions in the correct compressions (p < 0.001).

There was no significant difference in the correct breathing (p = 0.56).

During the water rescue men were faster when compared to women (p < 0.001). When the rescuers are equipped with flippers and a rescue tube, the gender is not as significant (p = 0.26).

The rescue material is a key to reduce the time water rescue, and the automatic compression mechanism to improve the quality CPR.



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Author Biographies

Cristian Abelairas-Gomez, University of Vigo

MEd, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences

Roberto Barcala-Furelos, University of Vigo

PhD, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences

José Luis Garcia-Soidan, University of Vigo

BMed, PhD, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences

Sergio Lopez-Garcia, University of Salamanca

PhD, Faculty of Human and Social Sciences

Vicente Romo-Perez, University of Vigo

PhD, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences





Original Research