Does a whole body vibration intervention have any effect on adiposity in elderly people?

Authors

  • Alba Gómez-Cabello Centro Universitario de la Defensa de Zaragoza, Spain. GENUD “Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development” Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • Alejandro González-Agüero GENUD “Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development” Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. / Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences (FCSD), Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, Ronda Misericordia 5, 22001-Huesca, Spain.
  • Ignacio Ara Royo GENUD Toledo Research Group, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain.
  • José Antonio Casajús Mallén GENUD “Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development” Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. / Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences (FCSD), Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, Ronda Misericordia 5, 22001-Huesca, Spain.
  • Germán Vicente-Rodríguez GENUD “Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development” Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. / Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences (FCSD), Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, Ronda Misericordia 5, 22001-Huesca, Spain.

Abstract

Introduction: The ageing process is accompanied by an increase in fat mass (FM) and a redistribution of the adipose tissue, which are associated with several pathologies. The aim of this study was to test if an 11-weeks whole body vibration (WBV) intervention has any effect on FM in older adults. Material and Methods: Forty-nine non-institutionalized seniors (20 men) participated in the study. Twenty-four participants (75.2±4.7 years) trained static squat-positioned on a WBV platform three times per week for eleven weeks. The remaining 25 (74.8±4.9 years) were allocated into the control group (CON). FM at the whole body, trunk, upper and lower limbs was assessed via DXA. Results: WBV and CON groups showed similar values for FM at every body region during pre- and post-testing. No significant within group variations were detected at total, trunk or arms FM; however, there was a significant decrease in legs FM in both groups (p<0.05). Discussion: From the obtained results, it can be concluded that an 11-weeks WBV therapy is not an effective method for reducing fat mass in older adults. Therefore, the use of the WBV devices available on the market, aiming weight loss or FM decreases should be avoided in this population.

References

Bellia, A., Salli, M., Lombardo, M., D'Adamo, M., Guglielmi, V., & Tirabasso, C. (2014). Effects of whole body vibration plus diet on insulin-resistance in middle-aged obese subjects. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(6), 511-516.

Campbell, W. W., Crim, M. C., Young, V. R., & Evans, W. J. (1994). Increased energy requirements and changes in body composition with resistance training in older adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60(2), 167-175.

Carson, T. L., Hidalgo, B., Ard, J. D., & Affuso, O. (2014). Dietary interventions and quality of life: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 46(2), 90-101.

Cristi, C., Collado, P. S., Marquez, S., Garatachea, N., & Cuevas, M. J. (2014). Whole-body vibration training increases physical fitness measures without alteration of inflammatory markers in older adults. European Journal of Sport Science, 14(6), 611-619.

Charles, M. A., Eschwege, E., & Basdevant, A. (2008). Monitoring the obesity epidemic in France: the Obepi surveys 1997-2006. Obesity (Silver Spring), 16(9), 2182-2186.

De Rezende, L. F., Rey-Lopez, J. P., Matsudo, V. K., & do Carmo Luiz, O. (2014). Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 14, 333.

Donini, L. M., Savina, C., Gennaro, E., De Felice, M. R., Rosano, A., & Pandolfo, M. M. (2012). A systematic review of the literature concerning the relationship between obesity and mortality in the elderly. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, 16(1), 89-98.

Fjeldstad, C., Palmer, I. J., Bemben, M. G., & Bemben, D. A. (2009). Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. Maturitas, 63(1), 79-83.

Friedenreich, C. M., Woolcott, C. G., McTiernan, A., Terry, T., Brant, R., & Ballard-Barbash, R. (2011). Adiposity changes after a 1-year aerobic exercise intervention among postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Obesity (Lond), 35(3), 427-435.

Garatachea, N., Jimenez, A., Bresciani, G., Marino, N. A., Gonzalez-Gallego, J., & de Paz, J. A. (2007). The effects of movement velocity during squatting on energy expenditure and substrate utilization in whole-body vibration. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), 594-598.

Gomez-Cabello, A., Gonzalez-Aguero, A., Ara, I., Casajus, J. A., & Vicente-Rodriguez, G. (2013a). Effects of a short-term whole body vibration intervention on lean mass in elderly people. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 28(4), 1255-1258.

Gomez-Cabello, A., Gonzalez-Aguero, A., Ara, I., Casajus, J. A., & Vicente-Rodriguez, G. (2013b). Effects of a short-term whole body vibration intervention on physical fitness in elderly people. Maturitas, 74(3):276-278.

Gomez-Cabello, A., Gonzalez-Aguero, A., Morales, S., Ara, I., Casajus, J. A., & Vicente-Rodriguez, G. (2013). Effects of a short-term whole body vibration intervention on bone mass and structure in elderly people. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(2):160-164.

Gomez-Cabello, A., Pedrero-Chamizo, R., Olivares, P. R., Luzardo, L., Juez-Bengoechea, A., Mata, E, Albers, U., Aznar, S., Villa, G., Espino, L., Gusi, N., Gonzalez-Gross, M., Casajus, J. A., & Ara, I. (2011). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in non-institutionalized people aged 65 or over from Spain: the elderly EXERNET multi-centre study. Obesity Reviews, 42(4), 301-325.

Gomez-Cabello, A., Vicente Rodriguez, G., Vila-Maldonado, S., Casajus, J. A., & Ara, I. (2012). [Aging and body composition: the sarcopenic obesity in Spain]. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 27(1), 22-30.

Gonzalez-Aguero, A., Matute-Llorente, A., Gomez-Cabello, A., Casajus, J. A., & Vicente-Rodriguez, G. (2013). Effects of whole body vibration training on body composition in adolescents with Down syndrome. Research In Developmental Disabilities, 34(5), 1426-1433.

Hirani, V., & Mindell, J. (2008). A comparison of measured height and demi-span equivalent height in the assessment of body mass index among people aged 65 years and over in England. Age and Ageing, 37(3), 311-317.

Hunter, G. R., Bryan, D. R., Wetzstein, C. J., Zuckerman, P. A., & Bamman, M. M. (2002). Resistance training and intra-abdominal adipose tissue in older men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(6), 1023-1028.

Irwin, M. L., Yasui, Y., Ulrich, C. M., Bowen, D., Rudolph, R. E., Schwartz, R. S. Yukawa, M., Aiello, E., Potter, J. D., & McTiernan, A. (2003). Effect of exercise on total and intra-abdominal body fat in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(3), 323-330.

Koukoulis, G. N., Sakka, C., Katsaros, F., Goutou, M., Tsirona, S., Tsiapali, E., Piterou, A., Stefanidis, I., & Stathakis, N. (2010). High rates of obesity prevalence in adults living in central Greece: data from the ARGOS study. Hormones (Athens), 9(3), 253-262.

Matute-Llorente, A., Gonzalez-Aguero, A., Gomez-Cabello, A., Vicente-Rodriguez, G., & Casajus Mallen, J. A. (2014). Effect of whole-body vibration therapy on health-related physical fitness in children and adolescents with disabilities: a systematic review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(4), 385-396.

Micciolo, R., Di Francesco, V., Fantin, F., Canal, L., Harris, T. B., Bosello, O. & Zamboni, M. (2010). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Italy (2001-2008): is there a rising obesity epidemic? Annals of Epidemiology, 20(4), 258-264.

Milanese, C., Piscitelli, F., Zenti, M. G., Moghetti, P., Sandri, M., & Zancanaro, C. (2013). Ten-week whole-body vibration training improves body composition and muscle strength in obese women. International Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(3), 307-311.

Ross, R., & Janssen, I. (2001). Physical activity, total and regional obesity: dose-response considerations. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33(6 Suppl), S521-527; discussion S528-529.

Serravite, D. H., Edwards, D., Edwards, E. S., Gallo, S. E., & Signorile, J. F. (2013). Loading and concurrent synchronous whole-body vibration interaction increases oxygen consumption during resistance exercise. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12(3), 475-480.

Stehr, M. D., & von Lengerke, T. (2012). Preventing weight gain through exercise and physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review. Maturitas, 72(1), 13-22.

Tapp, L. R., & Signorile, J. F. (2014). Efficacy of WBV as a modality for inducing changes in body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular strength: a pilot study. Journal of Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 63-72.

Totosy de Zepetnek, J. O., Giangregorio, L. M., & Craven, B. C. (2009). Whole-body vibration as potential intervention for people with low bone mineral density and osteoporosis: a review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 46(4), 529-542.

Tsuji, T., Kitano, N., Tsunoda, K., Himori, E., Okura, T., & Tanaka, K. (2014). Short-term effects of whole-body vibration on functional mobility and flexibility in healthy, older adults: a randomized crossover study. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 37(2), 58-64.

Verschueren, S. M., Roelants, M., Delecluse, C., Swinnen, S., Vanderschueren, D., & Boonen, S. (2004). Effect of 6-month whole body vibration training on hip density, muscle strength, and postural control in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 19(3), 352-359.

Vissers, D., Verrijken, A., Mertens, I., Van Gils, C., Van de Sompel, A., Truijen, S. & Van Gaal, L. (2010). Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report. Obesity Facts, 3(2), 93-100.

Von Stengel, S., Kemmler, W., Engelke, K., & Kalender, W. A. (2012). Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition for females 65 years and older: a randomized-controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medical Science in Sports, 22(1), 119-127.

Wilms, B., Frick, J., Ernst, B., Mueller, R., Wirth, B., & Schultes, B. (2012). Whole body vibration added to endurance training in obese women - a pilot study. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(9), 740-743.

Downloads

Published

2016-06-26

Issue

Section

European Journal of Human Movement