The role of motor variability in motor control and learning depends on the nature of the task and the individual’s capabilities


  • Carla Caballero Sánchez Asociación Española de Ciencias del Deporte
  • Francisco Javier Moreno
  • Raúl Reina Vaíllo
  • Alba Roldán Romero
  • Álvaro Coves
  • David Barbado Murillo


Recent studies have found that motor variability is actively regulated as an exploration tool to promote learning in reward and error-based tasks. Based on this functional role of variability, several researches have manipulated motor variability by practicing in order to maximize learning processes. However, the effectiveness of such variable practice as a tool to improve motor performance has shown several controversial results. The present work reviews how the interaction between the features of individuals with different motor capabilities (i.e. experience and brain disorders) and task constraints modulates the relation between motor variability and motor control and learning. Examining how the process of skill learning can be improved by the variability modulation according to individuals’ is not only of theoretical interest, but may also have several practical implications in motor learning and neuro-rehabilitation.


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